Cornelius Cardew was an experimentalist music composer and founder of the performing ensemble Scratch Orchestra. He introduced the works of John Cage, Morton Feldman, La Monte Young, Earle Brown and Christian Wolff to the English public. His own compositions—among which Treatise is one of the most known—present a connection between sound and the way the score is written on the page. Later on in his career, he abandoned avant-garde music in favor of a populist tonal style, influenced by his militant involvement in left-wing politics. Cardew’s work appeared in The Kitchen group exhibition Between Thought and Sound in 2007.

Between Thought and Sound: Graphic Notation in Contemporary Music