David Tudor was an American pianist and composer. He trained in classical piano and remains well known as the performer of pieces by composers such as John Cage, Morton Feldman, and LaMonte Young. He was an instructor and the pianist-in-residence at the Black Mountain College summer sessions from 1951-1953. In 1952, following time spent with Cage at Black Mountain, he famously performed the premiere of Cage’s 4’33, and went on to perform with the Merce Cunningham Dance Company from its inception in 1953 for over 40 years. Melding his work with composers, particularly Cage, who probed possibilities for the instantiation of experimental musical notations in a live piece with his longstanding interest in technology, Tudor’s own compositions often feature scores that call for electronic circuitry and are realizable in manifold ways. His paradigmatic composition Rainforest (later known as Rainforest IV), calls for multiple performers to run sound through resonant objects. In 1973 he formed the group Composers Inside Electronics, who perform the piece to this day, including most recently a version of Rainforest IV in 2007 at The Kitchen. Tudor performed Rainforest at The Kitchen in 1975, as well as a piece called Pulsers with Composers Inside Electronics in 1978, and Tables of Electronics as part of The Kitchen’s “Imaginary Landscapes: Festival of Electronic Music” in 1988. For more information, please visit: www.davidtudor.org

Between Thought and Sound: Graphic Notation in Contemporary Music