Coming out of the conceptual art movement, Dennis Oppenheim's early works associated both with performance/body art and the early earthworks/land art movement. Though a pioneer of earthworks, he was a versatile artist utilizing film, photography, writing, installation, etcetera. In the early 1980s, he began creating a number of interior and exterior public pieces using industrial elements. He received fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts. In 2007, he was recognized for Lifetime Achievement at the Vancouver Sculpture Biennale.